Ἰφιγένεια

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἶφι (îphi, by force or might, Epic adverb) +‎ γίγνομαι (gígnomai, come into being) +‎ -ειᾰ (-eia). See also Ἰφιγόνη (Iphigónē)

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /iː.pʰi.ɡé.neː.a/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /i.pʰiˈɡɛ.ni.a/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /i.ɸiˈɣe.ni.a/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /i.fiˈʝe.ni.a/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /i.fiˈʝe.ni.a/
  • Proper noun[edit]

    Ῑ̓φῐγένειᾰ (Īphigéneiaf (genitive Ῑ̓φῐγενείᾱς); first declension

    1. strong-born, mighty (an epithet of Artemis)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pausanias to this entry?)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Hesychius of Alexandria to this entry?)
    2. Iphigenia (daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Stesichorus to this entry?)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pindar to this entry?)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Sophocles to this entry?)
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Lycophron to this entry?)
      • 458 BC, Aeschylus (aut.), H.W. Smyth (ed., tr.), Ἀγαμέμνων in Aeschylus…in two volumes II: Agamemnon (1926), ll. 1,521–1,530:
        οὔτ᾽ ἀνελεύθερον οἶμαι θάνατον // τῷδε γενέσθαι. // οὐδὲ γὰρ οὗτος δολίαν ἄτην // οἴκοισιν ἔθηκ᾽; // ἀλλ᾽ ἐμὸν ἐκ τοῦδ᾽ ἔρνος ἀερθέν. // τὴν πολυκλαύτην Ἰφιγενείαν, // ἄξια δράσας ἄξια πάσχων // μηδὲν ἐν Ἅιδου μεγαλαυχείτω, // ξιφοδηλήτῳ, // θανάτῳ τείσας ἅπερ ἦρξεν.
        [Neither do I think he met an ignoble death.] And did he not himself by treachery bring ruin on his house? Yet, as he has suffered — worthy prize of worthy deed — for what he did to my sweet flower, shoot sprung from him, the sore-wept Iphigenia, let him make no great boasts in the halls of Hades, since with death dealt him by the sword he has paid for what he first began. ― tr. ibidem

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