Iphigenia

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English[edit]

The Sacrifice of Iphigenia, by François Perrier, between 1632 and 1633
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Ἰφιγένεια (Iphigéneia).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌaɪfɪdʒɪˈnaɪə/, /ɪfɪdʒɪˈnaɪə/

Proper noun[edit]

Iphigenia

  1. (Greek mythology) The daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra, who narrowly escapes sacrifice by her father to ensure the safe journey of the Greeks to Troy.
    • 2007, Amber Jacobs, On Matricide: Myth, Psychoanalysis, and the Law of the Mother, page 161,
      If we are convinced by the way the Iphigenia myth reworks and distorts the structure of the Metis myth, then we gain a new understanding of the logic underlying Athena's refusal to acknowledge the crime against Iphigenia.
    • 2008, Allan Brooks, Myths, Games and Conflict, page 8,
      The founding of the sanctuary at Braurona is related to the myths of Iphigenia and her brother, Orestes.
    • 2013, Willie Young, 4: Taking One for the Team: Baseball and Sacrifice, Eric Bronson, William Irwin (editors), Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, page 63,
      One such involuntary sacrifice is found in the story of Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon, the famous Greek king and warrior.

Usage notes[edit]

The story of Iphigenia’s near sacrifice features in Homer’s Iliad and in the play Iphigenia in Aulis by Euripides.

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek Ἰφῐγένειᾰ (Iphigéneia).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Īphigenīa f (genitive Īphigenīae); first declension

  1. Iphigenia (a daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra, who, because her father had killed, in Aulis, a hart belonging to Artemis, was to be offered up by way of expiation; but the goddess put a hart in her place and conveyed her to the Tauric Chersonese, where she became a priestess of Artemis, and with her brother Orestes carried off Artemis’s image)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Ovid to this entry?)
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    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Rhetorica ad Herennium to this entry?)

Declension[edit]

First declension, singulare tantum,
with Greek type accusative in -an.

Number Singular
nominative Īphigenīa
genitive Īphigenīae
dative Īphigenīae
accusative Īphigenīan
ablative Īphigenīā
vocative Īphigenīa

References[edit]

  • Īphĭgĕnīa” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Īphĭgĕnīa” on page 855/3 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français (1934)
  • Īphigenīa” on page 964/3 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

External links[edit]