ᾍδης

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See also: Άδης and Ἀΐδης

Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥- (not) + *weyd- (see), meaning "that which is unseen",[1] equivalent to ἀ- (a-) +‎ εἶδον (eîdon).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /haːí̯.dɛːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)a.des/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ðis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ðis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈa.ðis/
  • Proper noun[edit]

    ᾍδης (Hā́idēsm (genitive ᾍδου); first declension (Attic)

    1. Hades, the Greek god of the underworld
    2. Hades, the realm of the dead
    3. the grave, death
    4. Hell

    Usage notes[edit]

    The personal name rarely takes a definite article.

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “Ἀΐδης, -αο [m.]”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 34

    Further reading[edit]