ῥαίνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *weri. Cognates include Latin ūrīnor, Old Armenian գայռ (gayṙ), and Sanskrit वार् (vā́r), वारि (vā́ri).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /r̥aí̯.nɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈr̥ɛ.no/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈrɛ.no/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈre.no/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈre.no/
  • Verb[edit]

    ῥαίνω (rhaínō)

    1. I sprinkle
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 12.431
        πάντῃ δὴ πύργοι καὶ ἐπάλξιες αἵματι φωτῶν ἐρράδατ᾽ ἀμφοτέρωθεν
        pántēi dḕ púrgoi kaì epálxies haímati phōtôn errhádat᾽ amphotérōthen
        Yea, everywhere the walls and battlements were sprinkled with blood of men from both sides
      • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1441
        εἰ ναυμαχοῖεν κᾆτ᾽ ἔχοντες ὀξίδας ῥαίνοιεν ἐς τὰ βλέφαρα τῶν ἐναντίων.
        ei naumakhoîen kâit᾽ ékhontes oxídas rhaínoien es tà bléphara tôn enantíōn.
        If there were a sea battle, and then they had bottles of vinegar, they could sprinkle them in the enemies' eyes.
      1. (figuratively)
        • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 8.57
          χαίρων δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς / Ἀλκμᾶνα στεφάνοισι βάλλω, ῥαίνω δὲ καὶ ὕμνῳ
          khaírōn dè kaì autòs / Alkmâna stephánoisi bállō, rhaínō dè kaì húmnōi
          And I myself rejoice as I fling garlands over Alcmaeon and sprinkle him with song
      2. I sprinkle water

    Inflection[edit]

    Other forms attested: Epic third-person plural perfect indicative passive ἐρράδαται and similar pluperfect ἐρράδατο.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]