コーヒー

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative spelling 珈琲
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コーヒー: a small cup of coffee.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Dutch koffie,[1][2][3][4] also influenced by English coffee.[1][2][3][4]

The kanji spelling of 珈琲 is ateji (当て字) coined by Udagawa Yōan in the first half of the 1800s,[5] likely influenced by the similar Chinese spelling 咖啡.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Coffee sign in kanji

コーヒー (rōmaji kōhī)

  1. coffee

Usage notes[edit]

コーヒー is much more common generally, but 珈琲 is found relatively frequently on signs for restaurants and on some menus.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1957, Gihachiro Okuyama, 「かうひい異名熟字一覧(木版画)」 (Kauhī Imei Jukuji Ichiran (Mokuhan-ga), "List of Synonymous Idioms for Coffee (woodblock print)"), 『珈琲遍歴』 (Kōhī Henreki, "Coffee Pilgrimage"), in Japanese, Shikisha Co., Ltd.
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  7. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN