助数詞

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 3
すう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on'yomi

‎(jo, help) +‎ 数詞 ‎(sūshi, numeral)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

助数詞 ‎(hiragana じょすうし, romaji josūshi)

  1. (grammar) counter word, a Japanese part of speech

Usage notes[edit]

In Japanese, numerals cannot quantify nouns by themselves, except in certain cases for the numbers from one to ten (and then only using the forms ending in -tsu, such as hitotsu or futatsu). Instead, 助数詞 ‎(counter words) are used after the number to count objects and events.

For example, ‎(hiki) is the counter for small animals:

  • 犬二
    いぬにひき
    inu nihiki
    "two dogs" (literally "dog two-small-animal")

See also[edit]

  • 類別詞 ‎(るいべつし, ruibetsushi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.