困る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こま
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "困る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
困る [kòmáꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 困れ [kòmáꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 困られる まられ [kòmáráréꜜrù]
Causative 困らせる まらせ [kòmáráséꜜrù]
Potential - - -
Volitional 困ろう まろ [kòmáróꜜò]
Negative 困らない まらない [kòmáráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 困らなかった まらなかった [kòmáráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 困ります まりま [kòmárímáꜜsù]
Perfective 困った った [kòmáꜜttà]
Conjunctive 困って って [kòmáꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 困れば れば [kòmáꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

(こま) (komaruintransitive godan (stem (こま) (komari), past (こま)った (komatta))

  1. to have trouble (with something)
  2. to be bothered (by something), to be vexed, to be troubled, to be in trouble
    客様(きゃくさま)(こま)ります
    Okyakusama, komarimasu.
    Sir, please stop.
    (literally, “Dear customer, what you are doing is quite troublesome.”)

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN