近江

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

⟨apa umi1⟨apumi1/apumi//afumi/ → */awumi//aumi//ɔːmi//oːmi/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Shift from 淡海 (awaumi, freshwater lake).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), is derived from 近つ淡海 (Chika-tsu-ōmi, literally near the freshwater lake), and (), both being old names for Lake Biwa.

Noun[edit]

近江 (hiragana おうみ, rōmaji ōmi, historical hiragana あふみ)

  1. a freshwater lake
    Synonyms: 淡水湖 (tansuiko)

Proper noun[edit]

近江 (hiragana おうみ, rōmaji Ōmi, historical hiragana あふみ)

  1. Short for 近江国 (Ōmi-no-kuni): Ōmi Province
    Synonyms: 江州 (Gōshū)
  2. another name for 琵琶湖 (Biwako, Lake Biwa)
  3. a surname
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

近江 (hiragana ちかつおうみ, rōmaji Chika-tsu-ōmi, historical hiragana ちかつあふみ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 近つ淡海 (Chika-tsu-ōmi): an old name for 琵琶湖 (Biwako, Lake Biwa)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN