πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

πŒ°π†- (af-) +‎ 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (habān)

Verb[edit]

πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½ β€’ (afhabān)

  1. (reflexive) to abstain (with πŒ°π† (af, β€œfrom”))
    • Gothic Bible, 1 Thessalonians 5.22:
      πŒ°π† 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰 π…πŒ°πŒΉπŒ·π„πŒ΄ πŒΏπŒ±πŒΉπŒ»πŒ°πŒΉπŒΆπ‰ πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ πŒΉπŒΆπ…πŒΉπƒ.
      af allamma waihtΔ“ ubilaizō afhabaiΓΎ izwis.
      Abstain from all appearance of evil.

Conjugation[edit]

Class 3 weak
Infinitive πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½
afhabān
Indicative Present Past Present passive
1st singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°
afhaba
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ°
afhabaida
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ³πŒ°
afhabāda
2nd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπƒ
afhabais
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πƒ
afhabaidΔ“s
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΆπŒ°
afhabāza
3rd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ
afhabaiΓΎ
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ°
afhabaida
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ³πŒ°
afhabāda
1st dual πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±π‰πƒ
afhabōs
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏ
afhabaidΔ“du
2nd dual πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°π„πƒ
afhabāts
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπ„πƒ
afhabaidΔ“duts
1st plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΌ
afhabām
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΌ
afhabaidΔ“dum
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ°
afhabānda
2nd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ
afhabaiΓΎ
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒΈ
afhabaidΔ“duΓΎ
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ°
afhabānda
3rd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³
afhabānd
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½
afhabaidΔ“dun
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ°
afhabānda
Subjunctive Present Past Present passive
1st singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabau
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΎπŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaidΔ“djau
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaidau
2nd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπƒ
afhabais
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπƒ
afhabaidΔ“deis
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΆπŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaizau
3rd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉ
afhabai
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΉ
afhabaidΔ“di
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaidau
1st dual πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπ…πŒ°
afhabaiwa
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ…πŒ°
afhabaidΔ“deiwa
2nd dual πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπ„πƒ
afhabaits
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπ„πƒ
afhabaidΔ“deits
1st plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
afhabaima
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΌπŒ°
afhabaidΔ“deima
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ½πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaindau
2nd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ
afhabaiΓΎ
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒΈ
afhabaidΔ“deiΓΎ
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ½πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaindau
3rd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
afhabaina
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
afhabaidΔ“deina
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒ½πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabaindau
Imperative
2nd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉ
afhabai
3rd singular πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabādau
2nd dual πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°π„πƒ
afhabāts
2nd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈ
afhabaiΓΎ
3rd plural πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ°πŒΏ
afhabāndau
Present Past
Participles πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πƒ
afhabānds
πŒ°π†πŒ·πŒ°πŒ±πŒ°πŒΉπŒΈπƒ
afhabaiΓΎs