๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ

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Gothic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gudฤ… (โ€œgodโ€), from Proto-Indo-European *วตสฐutรณs.

Noun[edit]

๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ โ€ข (guรพm

  1. god, deity
    • Gothic Bible, John 10.35:
      ๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œฑ๐Œฐ๐Œน ๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œน๐Œฝ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œฐ๐Œธ ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ, ๐Œณ๐Œฟ ๐Œธ๐Œฐ๐Œน๐Œผ๐Œด๐Œน ๐…๐Œฐ๐Œฟ๐‚๐Œณ ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œน๐ƒ ๐…๐Œฐ๐‚๐Œธ,
      jabai jainans qaรพ guda, du รพaimei waurd gudis warรพ,
      If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came ... (KJV)
  2. (Christianity) God
    Synonym: ๐†๐‚๐Œฐ๐Œฟ๐Œพ๐Œฐ (frauja)
    • Gothic Bible, Mark 12.17:
      ๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œท ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ๐Œณ๐Œท๐Œฐ๐†๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ๐Œณ๐ƒ ๐Œน๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œฐ๐Œธ ๐Œณ๐Œฟ ๐Œน๐Œผ: ๐Œฟ๐ƒ๐Œฒ๐Œน๐Œฑ๐Œน๐Œธ ๐Œธ๐‰ ๐Œบ๐Œฐ๐Œน๐ƒ๐Œฐ๐‚๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œบ๐Œฐ๐Œน๐ƒ๐Œฐ๐‚๐Œฐ ๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œท ๐Œธ๐‰ ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ. ๐Œพ๐Œฐ๐Œท ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œป๐Œณ๐Œฐ๐Œป๐Œด๐Œน๐Œบ๐Œน๐Œณ๐Œด๐Œณ๐Œฟ๐Œฝ ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ๐Œฐ ๐Œธ๐Œฐ๐Œผ๐Œผ๐Œฐ.
      jah andhafjands iฤ“sus qaรพ du im: usgibiรพ รพล kaisaris kaisara jah รพล gudis guda. jah sildaleikidฤ“dun ana รพamma.
      And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him. (KJV)

Declension[edit]

  • Being originally a neuter noun, it has retained that declension, even when congruent with masculine forms.
  • As a nomen sacrum, this noun was always abbreviated when referring to the Christian god (although editions of the Gothic text, such as Streitberg's, typically write it and other abbreviated nomina sacra in unabbreviated form). The declined forms given below are essentially reconstructions, being never encountered in unabbreviated form in the manuscripts. The forms given below are inferred on linguistic grounds, but others have been proposed; e.g. the form ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ๐ƒ (guรพs) is sometimes given as the genitive singular behind the abbreviation ๐Œฒ๐Œธ๐ƒ (gรพs).
Neuter a-stem
Singular Plural
Nominative ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ
guรพ
๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ
guda
Vocative ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ
guรพ
๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ
guda
Accusative ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œธ
guรพ
๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ
guda
Genitive ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œน๐ƒ
gudis
๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œด
gudฤ“
Dative ๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ
guda
๐Œฒ๐Œฟ๐Œณ๐Œฐ๐Œผ
gudam

Derived terms[edit]