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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
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From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós (invoked (one); libated, poured as part of a liquid offering), perhaps via the earlier meaning of [libation made to an] idol or spirit immanent in a burial mound.



*gudą n

  1. god, deity
    Synonyms: *ansuz, *tīwaz


neuter a-stemDeclension of *gudą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *gudą *gudō
vocative *gudą *gudō
accusative *gudą *gudō
genitive *gudas, *gudis *gudǫ̂
dative *gudai *gudamaz
instrumental *gudō *gudamiz

Reconstruction notes[edit]

The word was originally neuter, but with the spread of Christianity it eventually became masculine when referring to the Christian god.

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Watkins, Calvert, ed., The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed., Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.
  • Heinrich Meidinger, Vergleichendes etymologisches Wörterbuch der gothisch-teutonischen Mundarten, 1833], page 159
  • Fick, August (1909) Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), 4th edition, volume III, bearbeitet von Adalbert Bezzenberger, Hjalmar Falk, August Fick, Whitley Stokes, Alf Torp, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, page 136