Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
See also: Appendix:Variations of "an"
- (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (ä, ö or y or i or e alone or with ä, ö or y), appended to the infinitive.
- No changes in verbs that end in one ä.
- Verbs ending in -öä the beginning stem is followed by -tä- and then by this.
- Verbs ending in -ää or -eä the beginning stem is followed by -etä- and then by this.
- (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
- (possessive suffix) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsä, see the usage notes below.
- When the third-person suffix -nsä is appended to nouns that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -tä, the S and Ä are very often omitted from the suffix and the last Ä of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled — resulting in this -än. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsa). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsä) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix: