-ια

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See also: ἰά, ἴα, -ία, and -ιά

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Like -ίᾱ (-íā), from Proto-Indo-European *-i-h₂. Cognate with Latin -ia.

After a consonant, the vowel *i changed to a semivowel *y and triggered palatalization in Proto-Greek, resulting in many nouns and adjectives ending in -σσᾰ (-ssa), -ττᾰ (-tta), -ζᾰ (-za), -ιρᾰ (-ira), and -ινᾰ (-ina).

Suffix[edit]

-ῐᾰ (-iaf (genitive -ῐ́ᾱς); first declension

  1. Primitive suffix added to the stems of adjectives in -ύς (-ús) and some nouns to form feminine gender
    ἡδῠ́ς (hēdús, sweet, masculine) + ‎-ῐᾰ (-ia) → ‎ἡδεῖᾰ (hēdeîa, feminine)
    ἱερεύς (hiereús, priest, masculine) + ‎-ῐᾰ (-ia) → ‎ἱέρειᾰ (hiéreia, feminine)
  2. Suffix added to the stems of adjectives in -ής (-ḗs) to form abstract nouns
    ᾰ̓ληθής (alēthḗs, true) + ‎-ῐᾰ (-ia) → ‎ᾰ̓λήθειᾰ (alḗtheia, truth)

Usage notes[edit]

Nouns formed with the suffix always have recessive accent.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 859.6