-ստ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the Proto-Indo-European *-sti- suffix, whence also Proto-Slavic *-ostь and Hittite -𒀸𒋾 (-ašti). According to Ačaṙyan, the *-i- in Proto-Indo-European is the reason for -ե- (-e-) in the genitive of some older words derived from this suffix, e.g. գալուստ (galust) : գալստ-ե-ան (galst-e-an), հանգիստ (hangist) : հանգստ-ե-ան (hangst-e-an).

Suffix[edit]

-ստ (-st)

  1. Forming few action nouns. These action nouns may later become an adjective.
    գովեմ‎ ― govemI praise
    գովեստ‎ ― govestpraise
    իմանամ‎ ― imanamI know
    իմաստ‎ ― imastmeaning
    կորուսանեմ‎ ― korusanemI lose
    կորուստ‎ ― korustloss
    հանգչիմ‎ ― hangčʿimI repose
    հանգիստ‎ ― hangistrepose
    ուտեմ‎ ― utemI eat
    ուտեստ‎ ― utestfood
    ուրանամ‎ ― uranamI deny, disavow
    ուրաստ‎ ― urastdenial, negation, disavowal

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 671–673
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-(ա)ստ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48