-ստ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from the Proto-Indo-European *-sti- suffix, whence also Proto-Slavic *-ostь and Hittite -𒀸𒋾 (-ašti). According to Ačaṙyan, the *-i- in Proto-Indo-European is the reason for -ե- (-e-) in the genitive of some older words derived from this suffix, e.g. գալուստ (galust) : գալստ-ե-ան (galst-e-an), հանգիստ (hangist) : հանգստ-ե-ան (hangst-e-an).

Suffix[edit]

-ստ (-st)

  1. Forming few action nouns. These action nouns may later become an adjective.
    գովեմgovemI praise
    գովեստgovestpraise
    իմանամimanamI know
    իմաստimastmeaning
    կորուսանեմkorusanemI lose
    կորուստkorustloss
    հանգչիմhangčʿimI repose
    հանգիստhangistrepose
    ուտեմutemI eat
    ուտեստutestfood
    ուրանամuranamI deny, disavow
    ուրաստurastdenial, negation, disavowal

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 671–673
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-(ա)ստ”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48