-YĮ́Į́ʼ

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Navajo[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Athabaskan *ɣ̇en (to melt, to thaw).

Root[edit]

-YĮ́Į́ʼ

  1. to melt, to thaw
Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
Ø operative

S melts, thaws (ice, snow)

S melts, thaws O

náhályį́į́h (+d passiv./revers.)
di + ł operative

S melts, thaws (glass, rock, metal)

S melts, thaws O

adiłhį́į́h
ńʼdíłhį́į́h
ńʼdílyį́į́h (+d passive)
ahíidiiłhį́į́h
ałtsʼéidiłhį́į́h
di + l adjectival S is meltable (lead)

Stem set[edit]

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
MOM -yį́į́h -yį́į́ʼ -yįh -yįh -yį́į́h
NEUT -yį́h - - - -

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

Synonyms[edit]

to melt:

to weld, to solder:

Derived terms[edit]

Navajo terms belonging to the root -YĮ́Į́ʼ (melt)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Athabaskan *ɣʸikʸ ~ *ɣʸitšʼʷ (to breathe, to rest), later confused with Proto-Athabaskan *ɣ̇en (to melt, to thaw).

Cognate with the root -DZÍÍʼ (to breathe), which can ultimately be analyzed as -d- (classifier) + -YÍÍʼ (?), and with -YIH (to pant). Compare also Navajo ayih (breath).

Root[edit]

-YĮ́Į́ʼ

  1. to rest
Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
ná + l stative S rests up (from fatigue)

Stem set[edit]

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
MOM -yį́į́h -yį́į́ʼ -yįh -yįh -yį́į́h

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

Synonyms[edit]

to rest:

 

Derived terms[edit]

Navajo terms belonging to the root -YĮ́Į́ʼ (breathe)