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From Proto-Finnic *-hen, itself possibly a variant of *-sen, possibly related to *-len (allative case suffix) and probably -s- (internal locative suffix) + -en of unknown origin and meaning, possibly from Proto-Uralic *-n (dative suffix). The preceding vowel began to assimilate the vowel in the suffix.


-han, -hen, -hin, -hon, -hun, -hyn, -hän, -hön (depending on the preceding vowel)

  1. Forms the illative singular case.

Usage notes[edit]

Used after a monosyllabic long vowel. Variant of -Vn.

word (strong) vowel stem illative
maa maa- maahan
puu puu- puuhun

See also[edit]