Appendix:Glossary of typography
This is a glossary of typography.
- all caps
- Text or a font in which all letters are capital letters.
- A font that is dark, having a high ration of ink to white space, written or drawn with thick strong lines.
- A typeface.
- A set of glyphs of unified design, belonging to one typeface (such as Helvetica), style (such as italic), and weight (such as bold). Examples: Georgia Regular, Futura Book Oblique, Univers 47.
- font family
- (used in computer typography) A typeface; face.
- A visual representation of a letter, character, or symbol, in a specific font and style.
- Letters in an italic typeface.
- The alignment of text to the left margin (left justification), the right margin (right justification), or both margins (full justification).
- The overhang of one letter to another letter which affects the spacing of characters. Kerning is altered to make text more clear.
- The conflation of two characters to avoid collisions or facilitate legibility.
- running text
- The body of text, as distinct from headings, footnotes, diagrams and other added material.
- sans serif
- A typeface in which the characters do not have serifs.
- sentence case
- The standard capitalisation of an English sentence, with the first letter uppercase and subsequent letter lowercase with exceptions such as proper nouns or acronyms.
- A short horizontal line added to the tops and bottoms of traditional typefaces, such as Times Roman.
- small caps
- Capital letters A, B, C, ... shown in the same form but in small size (typically of the same size as lower-case letters).
- title case
- The capitalization in which the first letter of each major word is set in capital, used for titles and headings.
- A set of fonts of a unified design, typically combining several weights (such as light, medium, bold), styles (roman, italic), or widths (narrow, extended). A face; font family. Examples: Frutiger, Garamond, Helvetica.
- The setting or composition of written material into type.
- The art or practice of setting and arranging type; typesetting.
- The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes, such as light, medium, book, bold, or heavy.