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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


This entry includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this entry by introducing more precise citations, inserting <ref> tags where appropriate.



  1. and
  2. Forms distributives from interrogatives.


  • Albanian: dhe
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: -եք ‎(-ekʿ)
  • Germanic: *-hw
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: τε ‎(te)
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indic:
      • Sanskrit: ‎(ca)
    • Iranian
      • Kurdish: (also, too)
  • Italic: *-kʷe


  • 2008, Ola Wikander, Ett träd med vida grenar: de indoeuropeiska språkens historia (in Swedish), Stockholm: Prisma, ISBN 978-91-518-5139-6: