τε

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *kʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *-kʷe ‎(and). Cognates include Sanskrit ‎(ca) and Latin -que.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Conjunction[edit]

τε ‎(te)

  1. and, also (or untranslatable)
    1. (after each item in a list) and
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.544
        Τὴν δ' ἠμείβετ' ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε·
        Then the father of men and gods answered her:
    2. (combined with καί ‎(kaí), untranslatable)
      • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 75.d
        εἰ δὲ ὥσπερ ἐγώ τε καὶ σὺ νυνὶ φίλοι ὄντες βούλοιντο ἀλλήλοις διαλέγεσθαι, δεῖ δὴ πρᾳότερόν πως καὶ διαλεκτικώτερον ἀποκρίνεσθαι.
        But if, like you and I now, they were friends and chose to converse together, it is appropriate to answer in a somewhat more easygoing and conversational manner.
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.7
        ἐνταῦθα Κύρῳ βασίλεια ἦν καὶ παράδεισος μέγας ἀγρίων θηρίων πλήρης, ἃ ἐκεῖνος ἐθήρευεν ἀπὸ ἵππου, ὁπότε γυμνάσαι βούλοιτο ἑαυτόν τε καὶ τοὺς ἵππους.
        There Cyrus had a palace and a large garden full of wild animals, which he would hunt from a horse, whenever he wanted to exercise himself and his horses.

Usage notes[edit]

τε is usually considered to denote a weaker connection than καί ‎(kaí). As an enclitic, it is placed after the word that it connects, or after the first word of a phrase that it connects:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.7
    [Ἀτρεΐδης τε ἄναξ ἀνδρῶν] καὶ [δῖος Ἀχιλλεύς]
    [the son of Atreus, lord of men,] and [noble Achilles]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]