Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/nébʰos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *nebʰ- +‎ *-os.

Noun[edit]

*nébʰos n (oblique stem *nébʰes-)

  1. cloud
  2. mist, moisture

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *nébʰos
genitive *nébʰesos
singular dual plural
nominative *nébʰos *nébʰesih₁ *nébʰōs
vocative *nébʰos *nébʰesih₁ *nébʰōs
accusative *nébʰos *nébʰesih₁ *nébʰōs
genitive *nébʰesos *? *nébʰesoHom
ablative *nébʰesos *? *nébʰesmos
dative *nébʰesey *? *nébʰesmos
locative *nébʰes, *nébʰesi *? *nébʰesu
instrumental *nébʰesh₁ *? *nébʰesbʰi

Comment[edit]

In a number of derived words the meaning shifts to "sky" or "heaven," as the sky was thought to be the dwelling place of various deities, esp. *dyḗws ph₂tḗr (sky father), the chief sky-god.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “nēpiš-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, page 697-699
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*nȅbo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 347-348
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “debesis”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 118
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “νέφος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1012