Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/peyḱ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*peyḱ-[1]

  1. to hew, cut out
  2. to stitch, embroider, sting
  3. (by extension) to paint, mark

Descendants[edit]


  • *pi-né-ḱ- ~ *pi-n-ḱ- ‎(nasal-infix present)[1]
    • Indo-Iranian:
    • Italic:
      • Latin: pingō ‎(to paint, color, with irregular -g-)
    • Tocharian: *pik-
  • *peyḱ-ye- ‎(ye-present)[2]
    • Balto-Slavic: *p(e)iś-
      • Lithuanian: piẽšti ‎(to draw)
      • Old Prussian: peisāi ‎(to write)
      • Slavic: *pьsа̀ti ‎(to write) (see there for further descendants)
  • *piḱ-rós[3][4]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *pь̀strъ ‎(variegated) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: *pikrós
  • *póyḱ-os[5][6]
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Germanic: *faihaz ‎(motley, colored) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: पेश ‎(péśa, ornament, decoration)
      • Iranian:
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • (perhaps) Slavic: *pьsъ ‎(dog) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Helmut Rix (ed.) (2001), Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben (second edition), Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, pages 465, 466
  2. ^ Rick Derksen (2015), Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 354
  3. ^ “*pь̀strъ” in Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, pages 430, 431
  4. ^ “πικρός” in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 1190
  5. ^ Rick Derksen (2015), Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 342
  6. ^ “ποικίλος” in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, pages 1216-1217
  7. ^ Kavasji Edalji Kanga (1900), A Dictionary of the Avesta Language, Bombay, page 810

Root[edit]

*peyḱ-[1]

  1. hostile

Derived terms[edit]


  • *peyḱ-ye- ‎(ye-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: peĩkti ‎(to blame)
  • *piḱ-tós[2]
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *póyḱ-os
    • Celtic: *ɸoikos
      • Old Irish: oech ‎(enemy)
    • Germanic: *faihaz ‎(hostile) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ “faiha- 1” in Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ Rick Derksen (2015), Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 355