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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *bojan- (compare Ancient Greek βοάνος (boános), attested in the 10th century), a borrowing from a Turkic language, probably from Avar bajan (ruler of the horde), the title of the Avars' khagan misinterpreted as a name (compare similar development in *vodzь), from Proto-Turkic *bāj (rich, noble). The Turkic word is usually considered a borrowing from an Iranian language, from the same lexical root whence also Proto-Slavic *bogъ (god), but some consider it inherited from Proto-Altaic.


*bãnъ m

  1. (South Slavic) master, ruler, lord, ban (title)


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • South Slavic:


  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 123f
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 104
  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bēǯu”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill