Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/bogъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g- (to divide). Cognates include Sanskrit भग (bhaga, happiness, welfare, prosperity), Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬔𐬀(baga, share), Tocharian A pāk (part, portion, share). The following meanings have been displaced by Etymology 2 and are attested mainly in compounds and derived terms. Doublet of *banъ.

Noun[edit]

*bȍgъ m[1]

  1. share
    Synonyms: *doľa, *čęstь
  2. cut
    Synonym: *doľa
  3. wealth
    Synonyms: *gobigъ, *gobino, *gobina
    Antonym: *běda
  4. luck
    Synonym: *sъčęstьje
    Antonym: *nesъčęstьje
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
nouns
adjectives
proper nouns
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974), “bogъ 2.”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 1 (a – bьzděti), Wrocław: National Ossoliński Institute, page 296

Etymology 2[edit]

*bogъ Perunъ

Identical with Etymology 1. According to consensus, a semantic loan from Scythian languages. Zoroastrianism, the new religion of the Iranians, demonized the original pagan deities (compare Sanskrit देव (deva, god) : Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀(daēuua, demon)). During the so-called Iranian inversion (Proto-Slavic-Iranian contacts), the same religious changes took place among the Proto-Slavs and the original word (*deiwos or similar) for “god” was replaced by *bogъ. The change of meaning on Iranian ground was as follows: “wealth” > “wealth provider” > “god”. See also *divъ.

Semantic cognates include Old Persian 𐏎 (BG /baga/, god), Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬖𐬀(baγa, god).

Noun[edit]

*bȍgъ m[1][2][3]

  1. (religion) god
    *o bože!oh god!
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
nouns
verbs
adjectives
proper nouns
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bȏgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 50: “m. o (c) ‘god’”
  2. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007), “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1], University of Vienna, page 7: “*bȍgъ”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bogъ boga”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c God (NA 101; SA 167, 171, 199; PR 137)”

Etymology 3[edit]

From Etymology 1. For contrast, cf. *bolgъ (good, nice; bad), Latin sacer (sacred, holy; cursed).

Adjective[edit]

*bogъ[1]

  1. poor
    Synonyms: *ubògъ, *bědьnъ
    Antonym: *bogàtъ
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974), “bogъ 3.”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 1 (a – bьzděti), Wrocław: National Ossoliński Institute, page 297

Further reading[edit]