Euphrates

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Euphrātēs, from Ancient Greek Εὐφράτης (Euphrátēs), from Old Persian 𐎢𐎳𐎼𐎠𐎬𐎢 (u-f-r-a-tu-u /hUfrātuš/), from Akkadian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣 (ÍDPurattu), from Sumerian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣 (ÍDBuranun) (compare Elamite 𒌑𒅁𒊏𒌅𒅖 (ú-ip-ra-du-iš), Classical Syriac ܦܪܬ(P(ə)rāṯ)). The Elamite, Akkadian, and possibly Sumerian forms are either from an unrecorded substrate language, or from Proto-Sumerian *𒁍𒍏 burudu "copper" (Sumerian 𒍏 (urudu)) with an explanation that Euphrates was the river by which the copper ore was transported in rafts, since Mesopotamia was the center of copper metallurgy at the period.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /juːˈfɹeɪtiːz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪtiz

Proper noun[edit]

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the Euphrates

  1. The river in the Middle East, 2780 kilometers in length, flowing southwest from Turkey, then southeast, and uniting with the Tigris before entering the Persian Gulf. It forms the Western edge of classical Mesopotamia.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Εὐφράτης (Euphrátēs), from Old Persian 𐎢𐎳𐎼𐎠𐎬𐎢 (u-f-r-a-tu-u /hUfrātuš/), itself from Sumerian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣 (ÍDBuranun), from Akkadian 𒀀𒇉𒌓𒄒𒉣 (ÍDPurattu). See English etymology for further details.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Euphrātēs m sg (variously declined, genitive Euphrātis or Euphrātae); third declension, first declension

  1. The Euphrates river.
  2. A philosopher in the time of Pliny the Younger.
  3. (rare) A surname.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun with a first-declension noun (masculine Greek-type with nominative singular in -ēs), with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Euphrātēs
Genitive Euphrātis
Euphrātae
Dative Euphrātī
Euphrātae
Accusative Euphrātem
Euphrātēn
Ablative Euphrāte
Euphrātē
Vocative Euphrātēs
Euphrātē
Locative Euphrātī
Euphrāte
Euphrātae

Noun[edit]

Euphrātēs m (genitive Euphrātis); third declension

  1. Those who dwell on the banks of the Euphrates river.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Euphrātēs Euphrātēs
Genitive Euphrātis Euphrātum
Dative Euphrātī Euphrātibus
Accusative Euphrātem Euphrātēs
Ablative Euphrāte Euphrātibus
Vocative Euphrātēs Euphrātēs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Euphrates”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Euphrates in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette