God does not play dice with the universe

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From a quotation of Albert Einstein, "I, at any rate, am convinced that [God] does not throw dice" [Jedenfalls bin ich überzeugt, daß der nicht würfelt.],[1] by which he expressed his dissatisfaction with the preeminence of probability in the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. Einstein himself used variants of the phrase at different times. (See Albert Einstein on Wikiquote.Wikiquote ).


God does not play dice with the universe

  1. Probability (as applied in the Copenhagen interpretation) is an unsatisfactory basis for understanding quantum mechanics.


  1. ^ 1926, Letter to Max Born, published in 1971, Irene Born (translator), The Born-Einstein Letters, Walker and Company, New York, →ISBN.