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See also: Kuro Shio
Borrowed from the romaji transcription of Japanese 黒潮 (Kuroshio, “Black Tide”).
- (oceanography, usually with "~ Current") The oceanic current forming the swift, warm, northward-flowing western quarter of the North Pacific Gyre.
- 1851, Alexander G. Findlay, A directory for the navigation of the Pacific Ocean; with description of its coasts, islands, etc., from the Strait of Magalhaens to the Arctic Sea, and those of Asia and Australia; its winds, currents, and other phenomena. Part I. The coasts of the Pacific Ocean, London: R. H. Laurie, page 635:
- Between Fatsisio and Mikura a current to the eastward is marked, called the Kuro Siwo Stream.
- 1890, Basil Hall Chamberlain, Things Japanese: Being Notes on Various Subjects Connected with Japan, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd., page 134:
- Still less must we forget the mighty river in the sea—the Kuroshio, or “Black Current”—which, flowing northwards from the direction of Formosa and the Philippine Islands, warms the southern and south-eastern coasts of Japan much as the Gulf Stream warms the coasts of western Europe.