gyre

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

A gyre (sense 1.1) or whirlpool, one of the Naruto whirlpools regularly seen in the Naruto Strait, Japan.
A map showing the five major oceanwide gyres (sense 3); from left to right, they are the Indian Ocean, North Pacific and South Pacific, and North Atlantic and South Atlantic gyres.

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin gȳrus (circle; circular motion), from Ancient Greek γῦρος (gûros, circle; ring), from Proto-Indo-European *gew- (to bend; to curve). The English word is a doublet of gyro and gyrus.[1]

Noun[edit]

gyre (plural gyres)

  1. (chiefly literary, poetic)
    1. A swirling vortex.
    2. A circular or spiral motion; also, a circle described by a moving body; a revolution, a turn.
      Synonyms: circuit, whirl
  2. (anatomy, zootomy, archaic) Synonym of gyrus (a fold or ridge on the cerebral cortex of the brain)
  3. (oceanography) An ocean current caused by wind which moves in a circular manner, especially one that is large-scale and observed in a major ocean.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Middle English giren (to turn (something) away; to cause (something) to revolve or rotate; to travel in a circle),[2] from Old French girer (to turn), and directly from its etymon Latin gȳrāre, the present active infinitive of gȳrō (to turn in a circle, rotate; to circle or revolve around), from gȳrus (circle; circular motion) (see etymology 1)[3] + (suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs).

Verb[edit]

gyre (third-person singular simple present gyres, present participle gyring, simple past and past participle gyred) (literary, poetic)

  1. (intransitive) To spin around; to gyrate, to whirl.
    Synonyms: revolve, rotate
  2. (transitive, rare) To make (something) spin or whirl around; to spin, to whirl.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ gyre, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “gyre, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ ǧīren, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  3. ^ gyre, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “gyre, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

gȳre

  1. vocative singular of gȳrus