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From Mandarin ().

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​, from Mandarin, see ().
    • As Xíxìng puts it, 'as for phonophores, Chữ Nôm appears rather lax, and allows graphic simplification, rather like the “graphs with simplified phonetic” (shěngshēngzì 省聲字) in Chinese.'
    • 2014, Justin Tiwald, ‎Bryan W. Van Norden, Readings in Later Chinese Philosophy: Han to the 20th Century, page 231:
      Xiàngshān 陸象山 (1139–1193) was a contemporary of Zhu Xi, as well as an influential philosophical rival.
    • 2015, Halvor Eifring, Meditation and Culture: The Interplay of Practice and Context, page 82:
      Zhū's critique of his contemporary Xiàngshān 陸象山 was similar to the way he treated Hú Hóng (胡宏 1105–55), the principal figure of the Húnán school. Zhū always considered ’s teaching as Chánnist, because he saw him as pursuing a transcendent, immediate enlightenment and neglecting the cultivation of “principle” that could only come from protracted and gradual moral practice.





(Zhuyin ㄌㄨˋ)

  1. Pinyin transliteration of ,
  2. Pinyin transliteration of ,
  3. Pinyin transliteration of ,