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See also: newspeak


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new +‎ speak, coined by George Orwell in 1949 in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.

The programming language was so named because of its “shrinkable” design, following Orwell's idea of a continually diminishing vocabulary in Newspeak.

Proper noun[edit]


  1. (fiction) The fictional language devised to meet the needs of Ingsoc in the novel Nineteen Eighty-four (George Orwell, 1949). Designed to restrict the words, and thereby the thoughts, of the citizens of Oceania.
  2. (computer languages) A highly dynamic and reflective programming language descended from Smalltalk, supporting both object-oriented and functional programming.
    • 2010, Debasish Ghosh, DSLs in Action, Simon and Schuster, →ISBN:
      Many modern languages like Haskell, Scala, and Newspeak offer parser combinators as libraries on top of the core language.

Derived terms[edit]



Newspeak (usually uncountable, plural Newspeaks)

  1. Alternative letter-case form of newspeak
    • 1995 June 22, Umberto Eco, “Ur-Fascism”, in The New York Review of Books[1], archived from the original on 2017-01-31:
      All the Nazi or Fascist schoolbooks made use of an impoverished vocabulary, and an elementary syntax, in order to limit the instruments for complex and critical reasoning. But we must be ready to identify other kinds of Newspeak, even if they take the apparently innocent form of a popular talk show.


See also[edit]