Orcus

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See also: orcus

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Orcus

  1. (Roman mythology) The Etruscan and Roman god of the underworld.
    Coordinate terms: Hades, Pluto
  2. (astronomy) A large trans-Neptunian object and plutino, sometimes referred to as the “anti-Pluto”.
    Hypernym: plutino

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Some refer it to Proto-Indo-European *h₂erk- (to hold, shut in), others to Ancient Greek ὅρκος (hórkos, oath).[1]

Proper noun[edit]

Orcus m (genitive Orcī); second declension

  1. Orcus (god of the underworld)
  2. the underworld
  3. death

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Orcus Orcī
Genitive Orcī Orcōrum
Dative Orcō Orcīs
Accusative Orcum Orcōs
Ablative Orcō Orcīs
Vocative Orce Orcī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also descendants at orcus.

  • Old French: ogre
    • French: ogre (see there for further descendants)
  • Italian: orco (see there for further descendants)
  • Piedmontese: òrch
  • Old Spanish: huerco
  • Middle Dutch: orck
    • Dutch: ork (regional)
  • Old English: orc

References[edit]

  • Orcus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Orcus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Orcus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  1. ^ Wagenvoort, Studies in Roman Literature, Culture and Religion