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Punjab is named after five tributaries of the Indus River
Map of Punjab in India
Map of Punjab in Pakistan

Alternative forms[edit]


From Persian پنجاب(panj-âb, [Land of] the Five Rivers), from پنج(panj, five) and آب(âb, water), referring to five rivers of the Punjab region: the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Beas.

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Particularly: “Directly from Farsi into English and definitely not via Panjabi?”


IPA(key): /pʌnˈdʒɑːb/

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A geographical region in South Asia, divided (by the Radcliffe Line) between India and Pakistan. Pakistani Punjab includes the (West) Punjab Province and parts of the Islamabad Capital Territory; Indian Punjab includes (East) Punjab State and some other territories.


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]