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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Punjab is named after five tributaries of the Indus River
Map of the state of Punjab in India
Map of the province of Punjab in Pakistan

Alternative forms[edit]


From Punjabi ਪੰਜਾਬ (pañjāb) / پنجاب(Panjāb), from Persian پنجاب(panj-âb, [Land of] the Five Rivers), from پنج(panj, five) and آب(âb, water), referring to five rivers of the Punjab region:[1] the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Beas. The Persian term is a translation of Sanskrit पञ्चनद (pañcanada, [Land of] the Five Rivers), from पञ्च (pañca, five) and नद (nada, river).[2][3]


  • (India) IPA(key): /pə̃.ˈdʒaːb/, /pan.ˈdʒaːb/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pʊnˈdʒæb/, /pʌnˈdʒɑːb/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːb

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A geographical region of South Asia, divided (by the Radcliffe Line) between India and Pakistan. Pakistani Punjab includes the (West) Punjab Province and parts of the Islamabad Capital Territory; Indian Punjab includes (East) Punjab State and some other territories.
  2. A state in northern India which has union territory Chandigarh as its capital; its biggest city is Ludhiana.
  3. A province in Pakistan which has Lahore as its capital.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]