# Q-ball

## Contents

## English[edit]

### Etymology[edit]

*Q* (“charge”) + *ball*, coined by physicist Sidney Coleman.^{[1]}

### Noun[edit]

**Q-ball** (*plural* **Q-balls**)

- A charged soliton that represents the lowest possible energy state of its components and is therefore stable.
**2001**, Tuomas Multamäki, “**Q-ball**Collisions in the MSSM”, in Strong and Electroweak Matter 2000, page 348:**Q-ball**collisions are studied numerically on a two dimensional lattice for a range of**Q-ball**charges.

**2008**, Roger Ebert, Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2009, page 880:- If you're going to fly inside Mercury's orbit and hurl a bomb into the sun to burst its
**Q-ball**(non-topological soliton) into pieces, I suggest that home may require a theoretical solution.

- If you're going to fly inside Mercury's orbit and hurl a bomb into the sun to burst its
**2009**, Noah Graham, Markus Quandt and Herbert Weigel, Specral Methods in Quantum Field Theory, page 171:- A complex scalar theory in three dimensions with a cubic coupling can support classically stable, time-dependent, non-topological solutions to the equations of motion that carry a global charge Q, called
**Q-balls**.

- A complex scalar theory in three dimensions with a cubic coupling can support classically stable, time-dependent, non-topological solutions to the equations of motion that carry a global charge Q, called

#### References[edit]

- ^ S. Coleman (1985), “Q-Balls”, in Nuclear Physics B, volume 262, issue 2, Bibcode: 1985NuPhB.262..263C, DOI: , page 263