Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/īsarnom

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ēsh₂r̥no- (bloody, red), from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood),[1] but the long ē (which regularly became ī in Proto-Celtic) is unexplained. A connection with *ish₂ros (supernatural, holy) (compare Ancient Greek ἱερός (hierós, supernatural, holy), Sanskrit इषिर (iṣira, refreshing)) is also possible, though here too the long ī (which is confirmed by the Proto-Germanic loanword *īsarną) is unexplained.[2]

Noun[edit]

*īsarnom n

  1. iron

Declension[edit]

Neuter o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *īsarnom *īsarnou *īsarnā
vocative *īsarnom *īsarnou *īsarnā
accusative *īsarnom *īsarnou *īsarnā
genitive *īsarnī *īsarnous *īsarnom
dative *īsarnūi *īsarnobom *īsarnobos
instrumental *īsarnū *īsarnobim *īsarnobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *hijarn (< *hiarno- < *iharno- by metathesis)[3]
  • Old Irish: íarn
  • Gaulish: Isarnus (proper name)
  • ? Albanian: Erjon
  • Proto-Germanic: *īsarną (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warren Cowgill, Indogermanische Grammatik, 1, 1. Halbband, Heidelberg: Winter, 1987, page 68
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 172
  3. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 383