Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/ekʷos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ekʷos m

  1. horse
    Synonyms: *markos, *uɸorēdos

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ekʷos *ekʷou *ekʷoi
vocative *ekʷe *ekʷou *ekūs
accusative *ekʷom *ekʷou *ekūs
genitive *ekʷī *ekʷous *ekʷom
dative *ekūi *ekʷobom *ekʷobos
instrumental *ekū *ekʷobim *ekʷobis

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *eb
    • Old Breton: eb
      • Breton: keneb (mare in foal), ebeul (colt, foal)
    • Old Welsh: eb
      • Middle Welsh: ep, ebawl (colt, foal)
        • Welsh: cyfeb (mare in foal), ebol (colt, foal), ebran (fodder, stover)
  • Primitive Irish: *ᚓᚊᚐᚄ (*eqas)
  • Gaulish: epos
  • Celtiberian: ekua-