Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/markos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Proto-Germanic *marhaz. This is generally reconstructed as being from a Proto-Indo-European *márkos (horse), but other theories exist; see that page for further discussion.

Noun[edit]

*markos m

  1. horse

Declension[edit]

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *markos *markou *markoi
vocative *marke *markou *markūs
accusative *markom *markou *markoms
genitive *markī *markous *markom
dative *markūi *markobom *markobos
instrumental *markū *markobim *markobis

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *marx
    • Old Breton: marh
    • Old Cornish: march
    • Middle Welsh: march
  • Old Irish: marc
  • Galatian: μάρκαν (márkan)
  • Gaulish: markos