Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/teɸnets

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tep- (be warm) (compare *tépos (heat, warmth)), likely through an intermediate s-stem *tep-n-ḗs, with the nasal infixed perhaps by influence of the participle *téponts, if not derived from an r/n-stem heteroclitic.

Along with *aidu ~ *aidus, presumably displaced inherited reflexes of the PIE fire terms *h₁n̥gʷnís and *péh₂wr̥, which left no trace in attested Celtic.

Noun[edit]

*teɸnets m

  1. fire
    Synonyms: *aidu, *gʷorno-

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *teɸness *teɸnete *teɸnetes
vocative *teɸness *teɸnete *teɸnetes
accusative *teɸnetam *teɸnete *teɸnetams
genitive *teɸnetos *teɸnetou *teɸnetom
dative *teɸnetē *teɸnetobom *teɸnetobos
instrumental *teɸnete? *teɸnetobim *teɸnetobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *tan
  • Old Irish: teine

References[edit]