Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/kaski

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This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proposed to derive from a derivative of the Indo-European root *h₂eHs- (to burn) similar to Proto-Germanic *askǭ (ashes).

The Estonian and Votic reflexes show a shift to a meaning 'birch', for which a likely intermediate is reflected in a dialectal Finnish meaning (Southwestern and Far Northern) 'young birch, birch shoots'. These have been earlier compared with the Permic words for 'birch' (Komi кыдз (kydz), Udmurt кыӟпу (kydźpu), from Proto-Uralic *kuće), but this has several phonetic difficulties.

Has also been compared to Armenian կեչի (kečʿi, birch).[1]

Noun[edit]

*kaski

  1. swidden, slash-and-burned land
  2. copse, especially raised for burning

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Estonian: kask (birch)
  • Finnish: kaski
  • Ingrian: kaski
  • Karelian: kaški
  • Ludian kašk
  • Veps: kask
  • Votic: kahtši (birch)

References[edit]

  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  1. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 296