Reconstruction:Proto-Hellenic/íkkʷos

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This Proto-Hellenic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Hellenic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE word
*h₁éḱwos

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos, from *h₁oh₁ḱu- (swift). Unexplained is for (e), instead of expected *ἐππος (eppos). Cognates include Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), Latin equus, Lithuanian ašva, Gaulish epos, Old Armenian էշ (ēš, donkey), Old English eoh, and Old Irish ech.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*íkkʷos m

  1. horse

Inflection[edit]

O-stem, masc./fem.
Nominative *íkkʷos
Genitive *íkkʷoyyo
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *íkkʷos *íkkʷō *íkkʷoi
Vocative *íkkʷe *íkkʷō *íkkʷoi
Accusative *íkkʷon *íkkʷō *íkkʷons
Genitive *íkkʷoyyo *íkkʷoin *íkkʷōn
Dative *íkkʷōi *íkkʷoin *íkkʷois
Locative *íkkʷoi, -ei ? *íkkʷoihi
Instrumental *íkkʷō ? *íkkʷōis

Descendants[edit]

  • Ancient Greek: ἵππος (híppos), ἴκκος (íkkos)
  • Mycenaean Greek: 𐀂𐀦 (i-qo /(h)íkkʷos/)