Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/néh₂us

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) Usually described as a derivation from *(s)neh₂- (to swim).

Gamkrelidze and Ivanov argue that it is a borrowing from Proto-Semitic *ʾunw(at)- (jar, vessel; boat).

Noun[edit]

*néh₂us f

  1. boat

Declension[edit]

The inflection found in Ancient Greek and Sanskrit (*néh₂-u-s ~ *neh₂-w-és) does not correspond to the traditional ablaut patterns of PIE and probably represents a later levelling or reinterpretation. Original paradigms which have been proposed include:[1]

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *n̥h₂ḗws
genitive *n̥h₂wés
singular dual plural
nominative *n̥h₂ḗws *n̥h₂ḗwh₁(e) *n̥h₂ḗwes
vocative *n̥h₂ḗw *n̥h₂ḗwh₁(e) *n̥h₂ḗwes
accusative *n̥h₂ḗm *n̥h₂ḗwh₁(e) *n̥h₂ḗwn̥s
genitive *n̥h₂wés *? *n̥h₂wóHom
ablative *n̥h₂wés *? *n̥h₂wmós
dative *n̥h₂wéy *? *n̥h₂wmós
locative *n̥h₂ḗw, *n̥h₂ḗwi *? *n̥h₂wsú
instrumental *n̥h₂wéh₁ *? *n̥h₂wbʰí
Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *néh₂us
genitive *n̥h₂wés
singular dual plural
nominative *néh₂us *néh₂uh₁(e) *néh₂ewes
vocative *néh₂u *néh₂uh₁(e) *néh₂ewes
accusative *néh₂um *néh₂uh₁(e) *néh₂uns
genitive *n̥h₂wés *? *n̥h₂wóHom
ablative *n̥h₂wés *? *n̥h₂wmós
dative *n̥h₂wéy *? *n̥h₂wmós
locative *n̥h₂éw, *n̥h₂éwi *? *n̥h₂wsú
instrumental *n̥h₂wéh₁ *? *n̥h₂wbʰí

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*néh₂-u-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 515-519
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*nāwā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 285
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*nō-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 391
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*nakwan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 382
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ναῦς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 999
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “nāvis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 402-403