Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ota

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-atā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *-otéh₂, encountered in Sanskrit दीर्घ (dīrgha, long) : दीर्घता (dīrghatā, length, longness).

Suffix[edit]

*-otà f

  1. Deadjectival, forming abstract nouns denoting the specified attribute; -ness
    Synonyms: *-ina, *-ostь
    *dьlgъ (long)*dьlgota (length)
    *golъ (bare, naked)*golotа (nakedness)
    *slěpъ (blind)*slěpota (blindness)
    *bělъ (white)*bělota (whiteness)
    *ostrъ (sharp)*ostrota (sharpness)
  2. Deadjectival, forming gauge nouns measuring the specified attribute; -ity, -th
    *gǫstъ (dense)*gǫstota (density)
    *čęstъ (frequent)*čęstota (frequency)
    *širokъ (wide)*širota (width)
    *teplъ (warm, hot)*teplota (heat, temperature)
  3. Deadjectival, forming agent nouns carrying the specified attribute
    *sirъ (sorrow)*sirota (orphan)
    *junъ (young)*junota (youth)
    *pěxъ (pedestrian)*pěxota (infantry)
  4. Denominal, forming activities or abstractions
    *orbъ (servant, slave)*orbota (work)
    *tъska (melancholy, sorrow, grief)*tъščь (hollow)*tъščeta (damage)
    *krasa (beauty)*krasota (beauty)
    *sormъ (shame)*sormota (embarrassment, disgrace)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • St. Stoyanov (1983): "-отà" in Граматика на съвременния Български книжовен език, vol. II Морфология (in Bulgarian), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 63
  • Trubachyov, O., Zhuravlyov, A. F., editors (2005), “*orbota”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 32 (*obžьnъ – *orzbotati), Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 121