Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-skъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably continuing the inchoative suffix Proto-Indo-European *-skós.

In South Slavic, the suffix underwent splitting *-skъ > *-s(ъ)kъ.

Suffix[edit]

*-skъ m

  1. From expressive or onomatopaeic interjections, forms nouns denoting the respective interjection
    Synonyms: *-kъ, *-pъ
    *piskъ (peep, squeak) ← e-grade of *pěti (to sing)*pi-pi!
    *vyskъ (neigh)*vyti (to howl)*vъjь! (woe, wail)
    *plěskъ (splash, sound of slapping)*plěkati (to clap, to slap)*plě-plě!
    *trěskъ (clatter)*trakati (to rattle)*tra-tra!
    *krěskъ (grunt, scream)*krěkati (to crack)*krě-krě!
    *driskъ (burst, spurt) (pejoratively could mean "turd")*derti (to tear)
    *sviskъ (swish, hissing)*svistěti (to whistle)
  2. From inchoative verbs, forms action nouns
    *puskъ (launch, drop)*puskati (to let go, to drop)
    *tiskъ (pressure, push)*tiskati (to press, to squeeze)
    *tъska (stenosis)*tъsnǫti (to compress, to damage)
    *luskъ/*luska (shell)*luskati (to peel)
    *blěskъ (glimmer)*blьščati (to shine)
    *sъblьskъ (collision)*blьskati (to push, to dash, to hustle)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]