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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *derˀtéi (to tear; to peel), reanalyzed athematic root aorist[1] of Proto-Indo-European *derH- (to split, to separate; to tear, to crack, to shatter).

Cognate with Lithuanian dérti (to tear, to peel) (Žemaitian dialect), as well as Ancient Greek δέρω (dérō, to flay), Proto-Germanic *teraną (to tear; snatch or pull off [from]; tug).


*dertì impf[2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to tear


(South Slavic *dȅrǫ, influenced by *dьràti)

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Villanueva Svensson, M. (Jul 2011), “The accentuation of the infinitive type Latv. kal̃t, Sl. *kőlti and the development of Indo-European molō-presents in Balto-Slavic”, in BALTISTICA VII[1], pages 320: “Verbs that inherited an (active) root athematic aorist ... Sl. *dertì 'tear' ...”
  2. ^ Nikolajev, S. L. (2014), “K rekonstrukcii akcentnyx klassov balto-slavjanskix glagolov*”, in Balto-slavjanskije issledovanija – XIX, Moscow – Saint-Petersburg: The work was carried out with the support of the basic research Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  3. ^ Zaliznjak, Andrej A. (2014), “Drevnerusskoje udarenije. Obščije svedenija i slovarʹ”, in Languages of Slavic Culture[2] (in Russian), Moscow: Institute for Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, page 278: “дра́ти”
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dertì”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 99: “v. (b) ‘tear’”
  5. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “derti: dьrǫ dьretь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 203, 235, 251)”
  6. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “drẹ́ti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), “*de̋rti, sed. *dь̏rǫ”