Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-tъ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The suffix continues both Proto-Indo-European *-tós and *-tus. A distinguishing feature between the two is that lemmas formed with the u-stem suffix, later were extended with *-kъ, e.g. Serbo-Croatian podátak (datum) < *datъ (load, something given).

Suffix[edit]

*-tъ m

  1. Deverbal from mono-syllabic simple stems, forms passive participles
    Synonym: *-nъ
    From ū-grade root:
    *obutъ (footwear put on)*obuti (to put on footwear)
    *nadutъ (swelled) (+ *na-)*duti (to blow up)
    From ī-grade root:
    *šitъ (sewed)*šiti (to sew)
    *bitъ (beaten)*biti (to beat)
    From nasal-grade root:
    *klętъ (pitiable, damned)*klęti (to curse)
    *vъzętъ (taken)*vъzęti (to take, to acquire)
  2. Deverbal, forms nouns (usually with o-grade)
    *potъ (sweat)*peťi (to bake)
    *letъ (flight) ← Pre-Slavic *lekti (to spring, to hop)
    *moltъ (hammer)*melti (to mold)
    *datъkъ (levy) ← **datъ ← *dati (to give)
    *vitъkъ (coil) ← **vitъ ← *viti (to wind, to curve)
    *ostatъkъ (remainder) ← **ostatъ ← *ostati (to remain)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]