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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *skaistei, from Proto-Indo-European *skéyd-sti, from *skeyd- (to split, divide).

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian skíesti (to separate, dilute), Lithuanian šķiêst (scatter, spill, cut).

Indo-European cognates include Proto-Germanic *skītaną (to defecate, to shit), Latin scindō, Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō, I split, cleave), Welsh cwys, Sanskrit छिनत्ति (chinátti).


*cědìti impf[1][2]

  1. to strain, filter


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “цедить”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “цедить”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 363
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976) , “*cěditi”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 174


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*cědìti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 74: “v. (c) ‘strain, filter’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “cěditi: cědjǫ cěditь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c si, filtrere (PR 140)”