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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *skáiˀdīˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *skoyd-éye-ti (to make separated), causative from the root *skeyd- (to split, divide). Formally cognate with Latvian skaîdît (to dilute, spill) and Lithuanian skáidyti (to separate, divide, distribute). From a different formation, Lithuanian skíesti (to separate, dilute) and šķiêst (to scatter, spill, cut).

Indo-European cognates include Proto-Germanic *skītaną (to defecate, to shit), Latin scindō, Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō, I split, cleave), Welsh cwys, Sanskrit छिनत्ति (chinátti).


*cědìti impf[1][2]

  1. to strain, filter


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “цедить”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “цедить”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2 (панцирь – ящур), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 363
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1976), “*cěditi”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 3 (*bratrьcь – *cьrky), Moscow: Nauka, page 174


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*cědìti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 74: “v. (c) ‘strain, filter’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “cěditi: cědjǫ cěditь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c si, filtrere (PR 140)”