Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/pьrvъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *pírˀwas, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂wós.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian pìrmas (first; primary), Latvian pìrmaĩs, Old Prussian pirmas (first).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit पूर्व (pū́rva, foremost, first, previous), Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀‎(paurva-), 𐬞𐬀𐬊𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬫𐬀(paouruya-), 𐬞𐬀𐬊𐬌𐬭𐬫𐬀(paoirya-, first), Old Persian [script needed] (paruva-), Albanian parë (first), Tocharian A pärwat, Tocharian B pärweṣṣe (first), Old English forwost (first, (ring)leader).

Adjective[edit]

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → 
    Cardinal: *edinъ
    Ordinal: *pьrvъ
    Adverbial: *edino šьdy, *edьnojьťi
    Multiplier: *edinakъ

*pьrvъ[1]

  1. first

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pьrvъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 430: “num. o ‘first’”