Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/pьrvъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *pírˀwas, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂wós or Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₃wós.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian pìrmas (first; primary), Latvian pìrmaĩs, Old Prussian pirmas (first).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit पूर्व (pū́rva, foremost, first, previous), Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀-(paurva-), 𐬞𐬀𐬊𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬫𐬀-(paouruya-), 𐬞𐬀𐬊𐬌𐬭𐬫𐬀(paoirya, first), Old Persian [Term?] (/paruva-/), Albanian parë (first), Tocharian A pärwat, Tocharian B pärweṣṣe (first), Old English forwost (first, (ring)leader).

Adjective[edit]

Proto-Slavic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → 
    Cardinal: *edinъ
    Ordinal: *pьrvъ
    Adverbial: *edino šьdy, *edьnojьťi
    Multiplier: *edinakъ
    Collective: *edьnojь

*pь̀rvъ[1][2][3]

  1. first

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pьrvъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 430: “num. o ‘first’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “pьrvъ pьrva pьrvo”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 138); a (PR 133) first”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “pȓvi”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), https://fran.si: “Pslovan. *pь̋rvъ, *pь̋rvъjь