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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śoi-m-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱoy-m-, from *ḱey- (to lie).

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian šeimà (family), šeimė (family, household), šeĩmas (migration (of birds), nest, offspring), Latvian sàime (members of a household, (extended) family).

Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek κώμη (kṓmē, village) (< *ḱō(y)mā), Proto-Germanic *haimaz (< *ḱoy-mo-).


*sěmь m

  1. living in the same village
  2. household member


See also[edit]


  • Church Slavonic: сѣмь (sěmĭ) (Russian)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: сѣмь (sěmĭ)
      Glagolitic: [Term?]


  • Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 441
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “семья”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “семья”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 154
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “семья”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa