Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/vorgъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *vargas or *worʔgós. Cognate with Lithuanian var̃gas (hardship, misery), dialectal Latvian vārgs (misery) and Old Prussian wargan (misery, suffering, accusative singular).

Noun[edit]

*vȏrgъ m

  1. foe, enemy

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: vrah
    • Polish: wróg
    • Slovak: vrah (murderer)
    • Sorbian:
      Upper Sorbian: wróh (murderer)

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “враг”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 527f