- Cinghal (archaic)
Borrowed from Sinhalese සිංහල (siṁhala), itself borrowed from Sanskrit सिंहल (siṃhala, literally “lionlike”), from सिंह (siṃhá, “lion”) + -ल (-la), recorded as the name of the island of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from about the 10th to 12th century, but presumably older, as it is also the source of the name Ceylon in western geographic tradition.
- The indigenous language of the majority people of Sri Lanka.
- (obsolete) The island of Sri Lanka.
- (Mahabharata) The kingdom in the island of Sri Lanka mentioned in the Mahabharata.
- ISO 639-1 code si, ISO 639-3 code sin (SIL)
- Ethnologue entry for Sinhala, sin (behind paywall)
- Wiktionary’s coverage of Sinhalese terms