Unsupported titles/Colon hyphen left paren

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First used with the intended purpose of expressing emotion in a post by Scott Fahlman to the Carnegie Mellon University computer science general bulletin board on 19 September 1982[1].

Punctuation mark[edit]


  1. An emoticon representing a sad face.
    • 19 September 1982, Scott Fahlman, Carnegie Mellon University computer science general board.
      Read it sideways. Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use
    • “Emoticons Defined and Explained”[2], retrieved 2010-06-29
      Therefore, it may be best to leave emoticons out of your business e-mails. This will help you avoid feeling :-( and keep you feeling :-).

Usage notes[edit]

This symbol is often called a "sad face".



  1. ^ (2007-09-20), “:) turns 25”, [1], retrieved 2007-09-20