Wiktionary:About Gothic

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Gothic is an extinct East Germanic language, and the oldest Germanic language for which significant texts are known.


Gothic was written in its own alphabet, which resembled the Greek and Latin alphabets. By Wiktionary policy, Gothic entries are entered in Gothic script, not in Latin script.

However, since most students of Gothic learn it in transliterated form, and most dictionaries and grammars similarly consider only transliterations, this vote was passed. As a consequence, entries may be created for Gothic words in their Latin script versions. The purpose of such entries is to make it easier to find the right Gothic-script entry for users who are not familiar with the Gothic script or are unable to enter it on their computers. As such, they must not contain grammatical information of any kind, and should simply link to the equivalent Gothic script entry, using the special ===Romanization=== part-of-speech header, along with the templates {{got-rom}} and {{got-romanization of}}. For example, for qino:


# {{got-romanization of|𐌵𐌹𐌽𐍉}}

The names of the transliterated entries are in 'raw' transliterated form, which uses a one-to-one mapping of the Gothic alphabet to the standard Latin alphabet letters, along with þ and ƕ. As in other old languages, macrons are not used in these entry names, although the {{got-rom}} template allows a head= parameter to display them if necessary. No consensus has been reached yet on whether to allow the combinations <th> and <hw> instead of <þ> and <ƕ>. If allowed, these combinations may create ambiguities with the Gothic combinations <𐍄𐌷> and <𐌷𐍅>.

Imported romanizations[edit]

Some time ago, all words occurring in the Gothic Bible of Ulfila were imported in the form of romanizations. This means that in essence, nearly all attested Gothic words/forms are present on Wiktionary (a small minority was not imported, mainly some minor fragments amounting to less than a percent of the corpus). Generally if a romanization entry exists, it is safe to say that the word is attested (although it doesn't hurt to check). However, a significant amount of the actual Gothic script entries has not been created yet. The ones that are missing are listed in Category:Gothic romanizations without a main entry, which still contains thousands of words.

Unattested lemma forms[edit]

The normal practice on Wiktionary is to include the main definition, along with inflection tables and etymology, on the lemma form of a word (infinitive, nominative). However, as the lemma form is not always attested for every Gothic word, this means that the lemma is not always present among the imported romanizations. This means that some romanizations that should exist currently do not, because they are lemmas which are not attested in the lemma form but only in inflected forms. One should create the lemma entry, however, as long as at least one of its inflected forms is attested. If there is ambiguity about the lemma form because the attested forms allow for more than one possibility, this should be indicated in the entry; presumably entries for each possible reconstruction should be created and linked to one another through {{alternative form of}}. An alternative method of dealing with such cases is not to create a lemma entry and provide all relevant information on the attested non-lemma page, as at 𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰𐌷𐌾𐍉𐌼 (aurahjōm).

Unattested non-lemma forms[edit]

As with the lemma forms, many seemingly predictable inflected forms remain unattested in the corpus. Unattested non-lemma forms do not merit an entry, and please note that Gothic is unlike Latin in its treatment on Wiktionary in that all predicted non-lemma forms are not just assumed to exist, whereas Latin non-lemma entries are typically created indiscriminately until challenged at WT:RFVN and proven unattested. Thus, only those Gothic non-lemma forms which are known to be attested should have a form-of entry created.